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F1のピットロード、ピット作業に関するルール




 

ピットロード制限速度

F1ではピットロードの制限速度は80km/h以下です。制限速度を超過したときのペナルティはセッションにより変わります。

 

 

フリー走行、公式予選

1km/h毎に100ユーロ(最大1000ユーロ)の罰金が科せられます。

 

決勝

レース中にペナルティ(ドライブスルーペナルティなど)が科されます。

 

 

2019 FORMULA 1 SPORTING REGULATIONS

22) GENERAL SAFETY

22.1 Official instructions will be given to drivers by means of the signals laid out in the Code.
Competitors must not use flags or lights similar to these.

22.2 Save where these Sporting Regulations require otherwise, pit lane and track discipline and safety measures will be the same for all practice sessions as for the race.

22.3 Other than by driving on the track, Competitors are not permitted to attempt to alter the grip of any part of the track surface.

22.4 If a car stops on the track it shall be the duty of the marshals to remove it as quickly as possible so that its presence does not constitute a danger or hinder other competitors. Under no circumstances may a driver stop his car on the track without justifiable reason.
If any mechanical assistance received during the race results in the car re‐joining the stewards may disqualify him from the race (other than under Article 22.7(d).

22.5 A driver who abandons a car must leave it in neutral or with the clutch disengaged, with the ERS shut down and with the steering wheel in place.

22.6 Save as specifically authorised by the Code or these Sporting Regulations, no one except the driver may touch a stopped car unless it is in the paddock, the team’s designated garage area, the pit lane or on the starting grid.

22.7 During the period commencing fifteen minutes prior to and ending five minutes after every practice session and the period between the commencement of the formation lap which immediately precedes the race and the time when the last car enters the parc ferme, no one is allowed on the track, the pit entry or the pit exit with the exception of :

a) Marshals or other authorised personnel in the execution of their duty.

b) Drivers when driving or on foot, having first received permission to do so from a marshal.

c) Team personnel when either pushing a car or clearing equipment from the grid after all cars able to do so have left the grid on the formation lap.

d) Team personnel when assisting marshals to remove a car from the grid after the start of the race.

22.8 During a race, the engine may only be started with the starter except in the pit lane or the team’s designated garage area where the use of an external starting device is allowed.

22.9 Drivers taking part in practice and the race must always wear the clothes, helmets and head and neck supports specified in the Code.

22.10 A speed limit of 80km/h will be imposed in the pit lane during the whole Event. However, this limit may be amended by the Race Director following a recommendation from the FIA F1 safety delegate.
Any team whose driver exceeds the limit during any practice session will be fined 100 euro for each km/h above the limit, up to a maximum of 1000 euro.
However, in accordance with Article 18.1 the stewards may inflict an additional penalty if they suspect a driver was speeding in order to gain any sort of advantage.
During the race the stewards may impose either of the penalties under Article 38.3a), b), c) or d) on any driver who exceeds the limit.

22.11 If a driver has serious mechanical difficulties he must leave the track as soon as it is safe to do so.

22.12 The lights described in Article 14.5 of the Technical Regulations must be illuminated at all times when using intermediate or wet‐weather tyres. It shall be at the discretion of the race director to decide whether or not a driver should be stopped if no rear light is working. Should a car be stopped in this way the driver may re‐join when the fault has been remedied.

22.13 Only twelve team members per competitor are allowed in the signalling area during practice and the race.

22.14 Unless authorised by the FIA no one under the age of 16 is allowed in the pit lane at the following times :

a) The period commencing fifteen minutes prior to and ending five minutes after every practice session.

b) The period commencing fifteen minutes before the pit exit is opened to allow cars to cover reconnaissance laps and the time when the last car enters the parc ferme after the race has ended.

22.15 The race director, the clerk of the course or the FIA medical delegate can require a driver to have a medical examination at any time during an Event.
If, after an incident, the Medical Warning Light signals that threshold forces have been exceeded the driver must be examined by the Event medical service without delay, the FIA Medical Delegate will determine the most appropriate place for this examination.

22.16 The organiser must make at least two fire extinguishers of 5kg capacity available to each competitor and ensure that they work properly.

22.17 Animals, except those which may have been expressly authorised by the FIA for use by security services, are forbidden on the track, in the pit lane, in the paddock or in any spectator area.

 

 

ピット作業

F1ではピットイン時の作業に関わることのできるチームクルーの人数に制限はありません。タイヤ1本交換するためだけに3名のクルーが配置されています。

また、F1ではレース中の給油が禁止されているため、ピットストップ時の作業は実質タイヤ交換だけになります。そのため、最近のF1では非常に早いタイヤ交換作業が行われており、ピットストップの時間はたった2〜3秒程度です。

 

出典:youtube.com

 

 

ピットアウト時の危険なリリースの禁止

ピットロード上ではファストレーンを走行する車両に優先権があります。ファストレーンに走行している車両がいる場合は、ピットストップ中の車両は発進することはできません。

ファストレーンに走行車両がいるにも関わらず、ピットから車両を発進させた場合は危険なリリースとしてペナルティの対象となります。

 

 

ピットロードではファストレーンを走行する車両に優先権があり、ピットアウトする車両は安全ではない状態で車両を発進させると、ペナルティの対象となる。

 

 

2020 FORMULA 1 SPORTING REGULATIONS

28) PIT ENTRY, PIT LANE AND PIT EXIT

28.1 The section of track between the first safety car line and the beginning of the pit lane will be designated the “pit entry”.

28.2 The section of track between the end of the pit lane and the second safety car line will be designated the “pit exit”.

28.3 At no time may a car be reversed in the pit lane under its own power.

28.4 The pit lane will be divided into two lanes, the lane closest to the pit wall will be designated the “fast lane” and may be no more than 3.5 metres wide, the lane closest to the garages will be designated the “inner lane”.
Other than when cars are at the end of the pit lane under Articles 36.2 and 41, the inner lane is the only area where any work can be carried out on a car. However, no work may be carried out in the fast lane if it is likely to hinder other cars attempting to leave the pit lane.

28.5 The FIA will allocate garages and an area in the pit lane on a strictly equal basis where each team may work and, within each of these designated garage areas, one position where pit stops during both practice and the race may be carried out.

28.6 No powered device may be used to lift any part of a car in the pit lane during a race.

28.7 Unless a car is pushed from the grid at any time during the start procedure, cars may only be driven from the team’s designated garage area to the end of the pit lane.
Any car(s) driven to the end of the pit lane prior to the start or re‐start of a practice session must form up in a line in the fast lane and leave in the order they got there unless another car is unduly delayed.

28.8 With the exception of the reconnaissance laps permitted by Article 36.1, any driver that is required to start the race from the pit lane may not drive his car from his team’s designated garage area until 20 minutes before the scheduled start of the formation lap and must stop in a line in the fast lane.
Under these circumstances working in the fast lane will be permitted but any such work is restricted to :

a) Starting the engine and any directly associated preparation.

b) The fitting or removal of permitted cooling and heating devices.

c) Changes made for driver comfort.

d) Changing wheels and tyres.
When cars are permitted to leave the pit lane they must do so in the order that was established under Article 36.2 unless another car is unduly delayed. At all times drivers must follow the directions of the marshals.

28.9 Other than by drying or sweeping, or by laying tyre rubber when cars leave their pit stop position, competitors may not attempt to enhance the grip of the surface in the pit lane unless a problem has been clearly identified and a solution agreed to by the FIA safety delegate.

28.10 Competitors must not paint lines on any part of the pit lane.

28.11 Other than under 28.8 above no equipment may be left in the fast lane.

28.12 Team personnel are only allowed in the pit lane immediately before they are required to work on a car and must withdraw as soon as the work is complete.
All team personnel carrying out any work on a car in the pit lane when the car is in its pit stop position during the qualifying practice session, or during a race pit stop, must be wearing helmets which meet or exceed the requirements of ECE 22.05 ‐ European motorcycle road helmet, DOT ‐ USA motorcycle road helmet or JIS T8133‐2015, class 2 – JPN protective helmets for motor vehicle users. The use of appropriate eye protection is compulsory.

28.13 a) Cars must not be released from a garage or pit stop position in way that could endanger pit lane personnel or another driver.
Competitors must provide a means of clearly establishing, when being viewed from both above and in the front of the car, when a car was released.

b) If a car is deemed to have been released in an unsafe condition during any practice session, the stewards may drop the driver such number of grid positions as they consider appropriate.

c) If a car is deemed to have been released in an unsafe condition during a race a penalty under Article 38.3(d) will be imposed on the driver concerned. However, if the driver retires from the race as a result of the car being released in an unsafe condition a fine may be imposed upon the team.

d) An additional penalty will be imposed on any driver who, in the opinion of the stewards, continues to drive a car knowing it to have been released in an unsafe condition.
In all of the above cases, a car will be deemed to have been released either when it has been driven out of its designated garage area (when leaving from the garage) or after it has completely cleared its pit stop position following a pit stop.

28.14 Under exceptional circumstances the race director may ask for the pit entry to be closed during the race for safety reasons. At such times drivers may only enter the pit lane in order for essential and entirely evident repairs to be carried out to the car. A penalty under Article 38.3(d) will be imposed on any driver who, in the opinion of the stewards, entered the pit lane for any other reason whilst it was closed.

 

 

 

 

 

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