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F1におけるレース中の車両同士の接触に対する判定




 

競技車両同士がコース上で接触した場合は様々な角度から映像による検証が行われ審議されます。どちらか一方のドライバーに明らかな非がある場合はレース中でもペナルティが科されますが、判断が困難な場合はレース後に時間をかけて審議されます。当該ドライバーからの聴取やオンボードカメラの映像、必要に応じてテレメトリーデータの解析などが行われます。

 

 

ペナルティの内容はレース結果にタイム加算や周回数の減算といったものから、次のレースでのグリッド降格、出場停止処分など様々です。

 

 

2017年から接触に対するジャッジが緩和

2017年シーズンから接触に対するジャッジが緩和され、ペナルティとなるケースが減りました。どちらか一方のドライバーに明らかな過失があると考えられる場合以外のケースでは、少しくらいの接触は大目に見てもらえるようになりました。これはペナルティを恐れてオーバーテイクをためらってしまうことにより、F1の魅力が下がってしまうことを避けるための判断と考えられます。

 

 

【参考】2017年F1スペインGPでの接触

2017年F1スペインGPではフェリペ・マッサ選手がストフェル・バンドーン選手を追い越そうとして接触が発生しました。マッサ選手がバンドーン選手を追い越そうとイン側から並びかけますが、バンドーン選手はマッサ選手に気づかずに通常時と同じラインを走行してしまったためにイン側のマッサ選手の進路を妨害する形となり接触しました。

 

出典:youtube.com

この接触によってバンドーン選手は車両にダメージを負い、アウト側のグラベルにストップしリタイアとなってしまいましたが、レース審査委員会はレース後にバンドーン選手に対して次戦の第5戦モナコGPでの3グリッド降格ペナルティを課しました。

複数台の車両が左右に並んでコーナーに進入するときは、相手の走行するスペースを1車身分以上空けて走行しなければなりませんが、これに違反したことによって接触が発生したために、バンドーン選手に過失があったとしてペナルティが課せられたと考えられます。

 

 

2020 FORMULA 1 SPORTING REGULATIONS

38) INCIDENTS DURING THE RACE

38.1 The race director may report any on‐track incident or suspected breach of these Sporting Regulations or the Code (an “Incident”) to the stewards. After review it shall be at the discretion of the stewards to decide whether or not to proceed with an investigation.
The stewards may also investigate an Incident noted by themselves.

38.2 a) It shall be at the discretion of the stewards to decide if any driver involved in an Incident should be penalised.
Unless it is clear to the stewards that a driver was wholly or predominantly to blame for an Incident no penalty will be imposed.

b) If an Incident is under investigation by the stewards a message informing all teams which driver or drivers are involved will be sent via the official messaging system.
Provided that such a message is displayed no later than 60 minutes after the race has finished the driver or drivers concerned may not leave the circuit without the consent of the stewards.

38.3 The stewards may impose any one of the penalties below on any driver involved in an Incident
:

a) A five second time penalty. The driver must enter the pit lane, stop in his pit stop position for at least five seconds and then re‐join the race. The relevant driver may however elect not to stop, provided he carries out no further pit stop before the end of the race. In such cases five seconds will be added to the elapsed race time of the driver concerned.

b) A ten second time penalty. The driver must enter the pit lane, stop in his pit stop position for at least ten seconds and then re‐join the race. The relevant driver may however elect not to stop, provided he carries out no further pit stop before the end of the race. In such cases ten seconds will be added to the elapsed race time of the driver concerned.
In both of the above cases the driver concerned must carry out the penalty the next time he enters the pit lane and, for the avoidance of doubt, this includes any stop the driver makes whilst a VSC or safety car procedure is in use.

c) A drive‐through penalty. The driver must enter the pit lane and re‐join the race without stopping.

d) A ten second stop‐and‐go time penalty. The driver must enter the pit lane, stop in his pit stop position for at least ten seconds and then re‐join the race.
If any of the four penalties above are imposed upon a driver, and that driver is unable to serve the penalty due to retirement from the race, the stewards may impose a grid place penalty on the driver at his next Event.
If any of the four penalties above are imposed during the last three laps, or after the end of a race, Article 38.4(b) below will not apply and five seconds will be added to the elapsed race time of the driver concerned in the case of (a) above, 10 seconds in the case of (b), 20 seconds in the case of (c) and 30 seconds in the case of (d).

e) A time penalty.

f) A reprimand.

g) A drop of any number of grid positions at the driver’s next Event.
If any of the seven penalties above are imposed they shall not be subject to appeal.

h) Disqualification from the results.

i) Suspension from the driver’s next Event.

38.4 Should the stewards decide to impose either of the penalties under Article 38.3(a), (b), (c) or (d), the following procedure will be followed :

a) The stewards will give written notification of the penalty which has been imposed to the competitor concerned and will inform all teams via the official messaging system.

b) With the exception of Articles 38.3(a) and (b) above, from the time the team concerned is notified of the stewards’ decision via the official messaging system the relevant driver may cross the Line on the track no more than twice before entering the pit lane and, in the case of a penalty under Article 38.3(d), proceeding to his pit stop position where he shall remain for the period of the time penalty.
However, unless the driver was already in the pit entry for the purpose of serving his penalty, he may not carry out the penalty if the VSC procedure is in use or after the safety car has been deployed. The number of times the driver crosses the Line behind the safety car or during the VSC procedure will be added to the maximum number of times he may cross the Line on the track.

c) Whilst a car is stationary in the pit lane as a result of incurring a penalty under Articles 38.3(a) or (b) above it may not be worked on until the car has been stationary for the duration of the penalty.

d) Whilst a car is stationary in the pit lane as a result of incurring a time penalty under Article 38.3(d) above it may not be worked on. However, if the engine stops any work necessary to re‐start it may be carried out after the time penalty period has elapsed. If the team is unable to start the engine the car may then only be worked on in the driver’s garage.

e) Any breach or failure to comply with Articles 38.4 (b), (c) or (d) may result in the car being disqualified.

 

 

 

 

 

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