【6/28】SUPER GT 富士スピードウェイ 公式テスト結果

F1におけるセーフティカーの運用ルール

 

#RaceAgainstCovid
#モータースポーツのチカラ

 

 

F1においてもコース上にマシンが停止しているなどの危険な状態が存在し、レースを中断するまでもないとき、セーフティカーが導入されコース全域での追い越しが禁止されます。

セーフティカー導入中にコース上の危険を除去する作業が行われ、安全が確認されるとレースが再開されます。セーフティカー導入と解除はレースディレクターの判断によって決定されます。

 

 

出典:youtube.com

 

 

セーフティカーが導入されると

セーフティカーが導入されると、全てのポストで黄旗の振動とSCボードが提示され、コース全域で追い越しが禁止されます。

デジタルフラッグにおいても『SC』が表示されます。タイミングモニタには『SAFETY CAR DEPLOYED』のメッセージが表示されます。

 

出典:youtube.com

 

 

F1でのセーフティカールールは基本的に国際モータースポーツ競技規則付則H項の手順に準拠しており、独自のルールとしては以下の点が挙げられます。

  • “SC”の表示がFIA灯火パネル(デジタルフラッグ)においても行われます。
  • 公式メッセージ送信システムによってチームへの連絡が行われます。
  • セーフティカー導入から第1セーフティカーラインを2回目に通過するまでに少なくとも1回はFIA ECUが設定した最低タイム以上をかけて走行しなければなりません。
  • セーフティカーがピットレーンを走行する場合は、タイヤ交換以外の目的でピットインしてはいけません。

 

出典:youtube.com

 

 

セーフティカーの解除

セーフティカー解除の方法も基本的にはH項に準拠します。

セーフティカーの回転灯が消灯されると次の周回からレースが再開となります。合わせてタイミングモニタには『SAFETY CAR IN THIS LAP』のメッセージが表示されます。回転灯消灯後の隊列のペースは先頭車両がコントロールすることができます。

セーフティカーが第1セーフティカーラインを超えたら(ピットインしたら)全てのオブザベーションポストでグリーンフラッグが振られてレース再開となります。セーフティカー解除後の追い越しはコントロールラインを通過した時点から認められます。

 

 

 

F1セーフティカードライバー

セーフティカーはメルセデスのAMG GT Rが採用されています。セーフティカードライバーは元DTMドライバーのベルント・マイランダーが務めています。

 

出典:daimler.com

 

 

2020 FORMULA 1 SPORTING REGULATIONS

39) SAFETY CAR

39.1 The FIA safety car will be driven by an FIA appointed driver and will carry an FIA observer capable of recognising all the competing cars who is in permanent radio contact with race
control.

39.2 Fifty minutes before the start of the formation lap the safety car will leave the pit lane and take up position at the front of the grid and remain there until the five minute signal is given.
At this point (except under Article 36.14(c)) it will cover a whole lap of the circuit and take up position.

39.3 The safety car may be brought into operation to neutralise a race upon the order of the clerk of the course.
It will be used only if competitors or officials are in immediate physical danger on or near the track but the circumstances are not such as to necessitate suspending the race.

39.4 When the order is given to deploy the safety car the message “SAFETY CAR DEPLOYED” will be sent to all teams via the official messaging system, all FIA light panels will display “SC” and all marshal’s posts will display waved yellow flags and “SC” boards for the duration of the intervention.

39.5 No car may be driven unnecessarily slowly, erratically or in a manner which could be deemed potentially dangerous to other drivers or any other person at any time whilst the safety car is deployed. This will apply whether any such car is being driven on the track, the pit entry or the pit lane.

39.6 The safety car will join the track with its orange lights illuminated and will do so regardless of where the race leader is.

39.7 All competing cars must reduce speed and form up in line behind the safety car no more than ten car lengths apart. In order to ensure that drivers reduce speed sufficiently, from the time at which all teams have been sent the “SAFETY CAR DEPLOYED” message via the official messaging system until the time that each car crosses the first safety car line for the second time, drivers must stay above the minimum time set by the FIA ECU at least once in each marshalling sector and at both the first and second safety car lines (a marshalling sector is defined as the section of track between each of the FIA light panels).
The stewards may impose either of the penalties under Article 38.3a), b), c) or d) on any driver who fails to stay above the minimum time as required by the above.

39.8 With the exception of the cases listed under a) to h) below, no driver may overtake another car on the track, including the safety car, until he passes the Line (see Article 5.3) for the first time after the safety car has returned to the pits.
The exceptions are :

a) If a driver is signalled to do so from the safety car.

b) Under 36.14(c) or 39.12 below.

c) When entering the pits a driver may pass another car remaining on the track, including the safety car, after he has reached the first safety car line.

d) When leaving the pits a driver may overtake, or be overtaken by, another car on the track before he reaches the second safety car line.

e) When the safety car is returning to the pits it may be overtaken by cars on the track once it has reached the first safety car line.

f) Whilst in the pit entry, pit lane or pit exit a driver may overtake another car which is also in one of these three areas.

g) Any car stopping in its designated garage area whilst the safety car is using the pit lane (see 39.11 below) may be overtaken.

h) If any car slows with an obvious problem.

39.9 When ordered to do so by the clerk of the course the observer in the car will use a green light to signal to any cars between it and the race leader that they should pass. These cars will continue at reduced speed and without overtaking until they reach the line of cars behind the
safety car.

39.10 Except under 39.12 below, the safety car shall be used at least until the leader is behind it and all remaining cars are lined up behind him.
Once behind the safety car, the race leader must keep within ten car lengths of it (except under 39.13 below).

39.11 Under certain circumstances the clerk of the course may ask the cars and the safety car to use the pit lane. In these cases, a signal to use the pit lane will be displayed before the start of the pit entry and all teams will be informed via the official messaging system, all cars must then enter the pit lane, drive through it and re‐join the track. Any car entering the pit lane under these circumstances may however stop at its designated garage area. A penalty under Article 38.3(c) will be imposed on any driver who fails to enter the pit lane when required to do so.
Other than when the cars and the safety car are required to use the pit lane, no car may enter the pits whilst the safety car is deployed unless it is for the purpose of changing tyres.

39.12 If the clerk of the course considers it safe to do so, and the message “LAPPED CARS MAY NOW OVERTAKE” has been sent to all teams via the official messaging system, any cars that have been lapped by the leader will be required to pass the cars on the lead lap and the safety car.
This will only apply to cars that were lapped at the time they crossed the Line at the end of the lap during which they crossed the first Safety Car line for the second time after the safety car was deployed.
Having overtaken the cars on the lead lap and the safety car these cars should then proceed around the track at an appropriate speed, without overtaking, and make every effort to take up position at the back of the line of cars behind the safety car. Whilst they are overtaking, and in order to ensure this may be carried out safely, the cars on the lead lap must always stay on the racing line unless deviating from it is unavoidable. Unless the clerk of the course considers the presence of the safety car is still necessary, once the last lapped car has passed the leader the safety car will return to the pits at the end of the following lap.
If the clerk of the course considers track conditions are unsuitable for overtaking the message “OVERTAKING WILL NOT BE PERMITTED” will be sent to all teams via the official messaging system.

39.13 When the clerk of the course decides it is safe to call in the safety car the message “SAFETY CAR IN THIS LAP” will be sent to all teams via the official messaging system and the car’s orange lights will be extinguished. This will be the signal to the teams and drivers that it will be entering the pit lane at the end of that lap.
At this point the first car in line behind the safety car may dictate the pace and, if necessary, fall more than ten car lengths behind it.
In order to avoid the likelihood of accidents before the safety car returns to the pits, from the point at which the lights on the car are turned out drivers must proceed at a pace which involves no erratic acceleration or braking nor any other manoeuvre which is likely to endanger other drivers or impede the restart.
As the safety car is approaching the pit entry the SC boards will be withdrawn and, other than on the last lap of the race, as the leader approaches the Line the yellow flags will be withdrawn and a green flag will be displayed at the Line.

39.14 Each lap completed while the safety car is deployed will be counted as a race lap. However, if the procedure set out in Article 36.14(c) is followed Article 5.3(c) will apply.

39.15 If the safety car is still deployed at the beginning of the last lap, or is deployed during the last lap, it will enter the pit lane at the end of the lap and the cars will take the end‐of‐race signal as normal without overtaking.

 

 

 

 

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